Prosthetic Joint Infection after Hip Hemiarthroplasty, a different beast

Presenter’s name (Last, First): Lewis, Daniel

Qualifications: BMed, MTrauma

Affiliations: John Hunter

Other authors:
Seth M. Tarrant BBiomed Sc (Hons), MBBS,FRACS, David Dewar MBBS, FRACS, PhD, Zsolt J. Balogh, MD, PhD, FRACS, FACS


Background / Introduction:
Prosthetic joint infections (PJI) are devastatingcomplications. Our knowledge on hip fracture-associated hemiarthroplasty PJI (HHA-PJI) is limited compared to elective arthroplasty. The goal of this study was to describe the epidemiology, risk factors, management, and outcomes for

Patients / Methods:

A population-based (465,000) multicentre retrospectiveanalysis of HHAs between 2006-2018 was conducted. PJI was defined by international consensus and treatment success as no return to theatre and survival to 90 days after the initial surgical management of the infection. Univariate,
survival and competing risk regression analyses were performed.


1852 HHAs were identified (74% female; age:84±7yrs;90-day-mortality:16.7%). Forty-three (2.3%) patients developed PJI [77±10yrs; 56% female; 90-day-mortality: 20.9%, Hazard-Ratio 1.6 95%CI 1.1-2.3,p=0.023]. The incidence of HHA-PJI was 0.77/100,000/year and 193/100,000/year for HHA. The median time to PJI was 26 (IQR 20-97) days with 53% polymicrobial growth and 41% multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO). Competing risk regression identified younger age [Sub-Hazard-Ratio(SHR) 0.86, 95%CI 0.8-0.92,p<0.001], chronic kidney disease (SHR 3.41 95%CI 1.36-8.56,p=0.01), body mass index>35 (SHR 6.81, 95%CI 2.25-20.65, p<0.001), urinary tract infection (SHR 1.89, 95%CI 1.02-3.5, p=0.04) and dementia (SHR 9.4, 95%CI 2.89-30.58,p<0.001) as significant
risk factors for developing HHA-PJI. When infection treatment was successful (n=15, 38%), median survival was 1632 days (IQR 829-2084), as opposed to 215 days (IQR 20-1245) in those who failed, with a 90-day mortality of 30%(n=12). There was no significant difference in success among debridement, excision arthroplasty or revision arthroplasty.


HHA PJI is uncommon but highly lethal. All currently identified predictors are non-modifiable. Due to the common polymicrobial and MDRO infections our standard antibiotic prophylaxis may not be adequate HHA-PJI is a different disease compared to elective PJI with distinct epidemiology, pathogens, risk factors and outcomes, which require targeted researchcspecific to this unique population.

Level of Evidence & Study type: Level III

Declarations of Conflict: No conflicts of interest